Livestock are considered pathway out of poverty for poor smallholder farmers in the developing world. The production of livestock in mixed extensive and intensive crop–livestock and pastoral grazing systems worldwide generates both positive and negative impacts on the environment. This creates a challenge to promote livestock production systems which can concurrently provide economic benefits that foster social development while ensuring environmental sustainability.
In the developing world there is increasing interest in payment for environmental services (PES) as an instrument for environmental management that can also generate impact on poverty reduction particularly in rural areas. To date, there are few examples of PES targeting livestock keepers. This report, Greening livestock: Assessing the potential of payment for environmental services in livestock inclusive agricultural production systems in developing countries, assesses the potential of payments for environmental services (PES) in various livestock inclusive farming systems in the developing world.
Silvestri, S., P. Osano, J. de Leeuw, M. Herrero, P. Ericksen, J. Kariuki, J. Njuki and A. Notenbaert. 2012 Greening Livestock: Assessing the potential of payment for environmental services in livestock inclusive agricultural production systems in developing countries. Nairobi: ILRI. http://hdl.handle.net/10568/21188